Nynorsk n : one of two official languages of Norway; based on rural dialects [syn: New Norwegian, Landsmal]
- One of the two major Norwegian languages, literally meaning "new Norwegian".
one of the two major Norwegian languages
- Dutch: Nynorsk
- Finnish: uusnorja
- Japanese: ニーノシュク
- Bokmål: nynorsk
- Nynorsk: nynorsk
Nynorsk (lit. "New Norwegian") is one of the two official Norwegian standard languages, the other being Bokmål. Just above 10% of the Norwegian population use Nynorsk as their primary written language.
In Norwegian, Nynorsk also covers the modern Norwegian dialects, upon which the standard language is based. The standard language was created by Ivar Aasen during the 1800s to provide a Norwegian alternative to the Danish language (upon which Bokmål is based) which was commonly written in Norway at the time.
Writing and speech
Spoken Norwegian, Swedish and Danish form a continuum of mutually intelligible dialects and sociolects, linguistically speaking, forming a common continental Scandinavian language. Nynorsk is the smallest of the four major standard languages within this broad speech community alongside Norwegian Bokmål, Swedish and Danish.
Unlike most standard languages, there is no codified standard for spoken Nynorsk and Bokmål. Nynorsk standard language is nevertheless used in broadcasting, on stage, and by a few individuals. Bokmål has a much larger basis in the middle-class urban speech, especially that found in the eastern part of Southern Norway. However, most Norwegians do not speak this so called Standard Østnorsk, but other Norwegian dialects. These dialects are the spoken basis for Nynorsk, and many Nynorsk supporters regard them as the standard way to speak Nynorsk, even if the majority of dialect speakers use Bokmål in writing. As such, Nynorsk is not a minority language, though it shares many of the problems that minority languages face.
Each municipality can declare one of the two languages as its official language, or it can remain "language neutral". 27% of the municipalities making up 12% of the population have declared Nynorsk as their official language. The main language used in primary schools normally follows the official language of its municipality, and is decided by referendum within the local school district. The number of school districts and pupils using primarily Nynorsk has decreased since the top in the 1940s, even in Nynorsk municipalities. As of 2006, fewer than 14% of pupils in primary school are taught in Nynorsk. Others claim that Nynorsk is unintelligible, despite most Scandinavians using their own language when communicating with people from other Scandinavian nations.
- Noregs Mållag Noregs Mållag is the major organization promoting Nynorsk.
- Norsk Målungdom Norsk Målungdom is Noregs Mållag's youth organization.
- Ivar Aasen-tunet The Ivar Aasen Centre is a national centre for documenting and experiencing the Nynorsk written culture, and the only museum in the country devoted to Ivar Aasen's life and work.
- Norsk programvareblogg computer programmes in Nynorsk.
Nynorsk in Afrikaans: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Breton: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Catalan: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Czech: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in German: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Estonian: Uusnorra keel
Nynorsk in Spanish: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Esperanto: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in French: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Galician: Lingua nynorsk
Nynorsk in Korean: 뉘노르스크
Nynorsk in Armenian: Նորվեգերեն
Nynorsk in Indonesian: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Icelandic: Nýnorska
Nynorsk in Italian: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Hebrew: נורבגית חדשה
Nynorsk in Dutch: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Japanese: ニーノシュク
Nynorsk in Norwegian: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Norwegian Nynorsk: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Piemontese: Lenga norvegèisa (Nynorsk)
Nynorsk in Polish: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Portuguese: Novo norueguês
Nynorsk in Romanian: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Russian: Нюнорск
Nynorsk in Sicilian: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Simple English: Nynorsk
Nynorsk in Swedish: Nynorska
Nynorsk in Ukrainian: Нюношк
Nynorsk in Chinese: 新挪威語